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The Origins of the Second Temple: Persion Imperial Policy and the Rebuilding of Jerusalem (Bibleworld)

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However, all of Iran was still not under Arab control, and the region of Daylam was under the control of the Daylamites, while Tabaristan was under Dabuyid and Paduspanid control, and the Mount Damavand region under Masmughans of Damavand. The Arabs had invaded these regions several times but achieved no decisive result because of the inaccessible terrain of the regions. The most prominent ruler of the Dabuyids, known as Farrukhan the Great (r. 712–728), managed to hold his domains during his long struggle against the Arab general Yazid ibn al-Muhallab, who was defeated by a combined Dailamite-Dabuyid army, and was forced to retreat from Tabaristan. [66] a b c d "غذاهای سنتی سیستان و بلوچستان ریشه در باور و طبیعت دارد"[The traditional foods of Sistan and Baluchistan are rooted in belief and nature]. Mehr News (in Persian). 14 March 2016. a b Dehghan, Saeed Kamali (3 February 2016). "Top five Persian restaurants in London". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077 . Retrieved 16 February 2016. Greetings are very important and are usually accompanied by a handshake. Friends and relatives sometimes give a kiss on the cheek Vegetables such as pumpkins, spinach, green beans, fava beans, courgette, varieties of squash, onion, garlic and carrot are commonly used in Iranian dishes. Tomatoes, cucumbers and scallion often accompany a meal. While the eggplant is "the potato of Iran", [24] Iranians are fond of fresh green salads dressed with olive oil, lemon juice, salt, chili, and garlic.

By the first millennium B.C., the Persians were well established in southwestern Iran, with their capital at Anshan, an old city of the Elamites, an ancient ethnic group from the Iranian plateau. The Persians were ruled by kings who claimed descent from a semi-mythical king named Achaemenes. For several centuries, the Assyrians and later the Medes, an Indo-Iranian people who were settled in northwestern Iran, dominated the Persians, according to World History Encyclopedia. But during the mid-sixth century B.C., an ambitious and capable ruler named Cyrus came to power. Later known as Cyrus the Great, he revolted against the Medes, conquered them, and then embarked on a campaign of conquest, adding the kingdoms of Lydia, Elam and Babylon to his burgeoning empire. At the time of his death in 530 B.C., his Achaemenid Empire stretched from the Balkans in Europe to India, and, as previously discussed on Live Science, is considered to have been one of the largest empires, both geographically and in terms of population, in the ancient world. The domination of the Sunni creed during the first nine Islamic centuries characterized the religious history of Iran during this period. There were however some exceptions to this general domination which emerged in the form of the Zaydīs of Tabaristan (see Alid dynasties of northern Iran), the Buyids, the Kakuyids, the rule of Sultan Muhammad Khudabandah (r. Shawwal 703-Shawwal 716/1304–1316) and the Sarbedaran. [101] Dana-Haeri, Jila; Ghorashian, Shahrzad; Lowe, Jason (28 February 2011). "Khoresht-e gharch". New Persian Cooking: A Fresh Approach to the Classic Cuisine of Iran. I.B.Tauris. p.72. ISBN 978-0-85771-955-3.Ramazani, Nesta. (1997). Persian Cooking: A Table of Exotic Delights. Iranbooks. p.130. ISBN 978-0-936347-77-6.

Typical Iranian main dishes are combinations of rice with meat, vegetables and nuts. Herbs are frequently used, along with fruits such as plums, pomegranates, quince, prunes, apricots and raisins. Characteristic Iranian spices and flavourings such as saffron, cardamom, and dried lime and other sources of sour flavoring, cinnamon, turmeric and parsley are mixed and used in various dishes.

Ramazani, Nesta. (1997). "Khoresht-e aloo". Persian Cooking: A Table of Exotic Delights. Iranbooks. p.138. ISBN 978-0-936347-77-6.

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